Structural Racism

In what ways is racism structural, and what are the histories of those structural components?

I. Overview

Brown University – How Structural Racism Works

Sarah Bond – Five GIS Projects That Are Changing the Way We Understand Racism

Brittney Cooper – Pussy Don’t Fail Me Now: The Place of Vaginas in Black Feminist Theory and Organizing (Mitigated Risk, Intersectionality, and Jeopardies)

Bradon Goyette and Alissa Scheller – 15 Charts That Prove We’re Far from Post-Racial

Laci Green – Is Racism Over Yet?

Jeff Nesbit – Institutional Racism is Our Way of Life

John Scalzi – Straight White Male: The Lowest Difficulty Setting There Is, and later Revisiting the Article

Bryan Stevenson – The Narrative of Racial Difference

Zerflin – American Slavery Graphic

II. Education

Patricia Cohen – Racial Wealth Gap Persists Despite Degree

Emily Deruy – How Black Lives Matter Activists Plan to Fix Schools

Nikole Hannah-Jones – How the Systemic Segregation of Schools is Maintained by “Individual Choices”

NPR Code Switch – Black Preschoolers Far More Likely to Be Suspended

Sonali Kolhatkar – Studies Confirm the Dehumanization of Black Children and the Preschool-to-Prison Pipeline

Cory Turner – Bias Isn’t Just a Police Problem, It’s a Preschool Problem

US Department of Education Office Office for Civil Rights – School Discipline

III. Housing

Anti-Eviction Mapping Project – Housing, Whiteness, and Abolition

Emily Badger – Redlining: Still a Thing

Ta-Nehisi Coates – The Racist Housing Policies That Built Ferguson

Camila Domonoski – Interactive Redlining Map Zooms In On America’s History of Discrimination

Nikole Hannah-Jones – Living Apart: How the Government Betrayed a Landmark Civil Rights Law

Sam Levin – Racial Profiling in Oakland via NextDoor.com

John Light – Ferguson, the Foreclosure Crisis and America’s Hedge Fund Landlords

Alexis C. Madrigal – The Racist Housing Policy That Made Your Neighborhood

Richard Rothstein – From Ferguson to Baltimore: The Fruits of Government-Sponsored Segregation

This American Life – House Rules

Gillian B. White – Why Blacks and Hispanics Have Such Expensive Mortgages

IV. Income and Wealth

Emily Badger – Black Poverty Differs From White Poverty

Rafael Bernal and Mike Lillis – Economic Fights Highlight Wealth Gap for Hispanics

Ta-Nehisi Coates – The Case for Reparations

Confronting Racial Bias at Work

Drew Desilver – Black Unemployment Rate is Consistently Twice That of Whites

Adrian Florido – Black, Latino Two-Parent Families Have Half the Wealth of White Single Parents 

Marybeth Gasman – An Ivy League Professor on Why Colleges Don’t Hire More Faculty of Color: “We Don’t Want Them”

Tracy Loeffelholz Dunn and Jeff Neumann – 40 Acres and a Mule Would Be at Least $6.4 Trillion Today

Joshua Holland – The Average Black Family Would Need 228 Years to Build the Wealth of a White Family Today

National Council of La Raza – Five Key Economic Trends Among California Latinos

New York Times Editorial – How Segregation Destroys Black Wealth

Emily Peck – Black Women are Leaning In and Getting Nowhere

Janell Ross – African Americans With College Degrees Are Twice As Likely to Be Unemployed As Other Graduates

Amy Traub et al. – The Asset Value of Whiteness: Understanding the Racial Wealth Gap

Gillian B. White – Black Workers Really Do Need to Be Twice As Good

V. Health and Safety

Tara Culp-Ressler – Why Racism is a Public Health Issue

Kenya Downs – When Black Death Goes Viral, It Can Trigger PTSD-Like Trauma

Abby Goodnough – Finding Good Pain Treatment is Hard. If You’re Not White, It’s Even Harder

Feminista Jones – Why Black Women Struggle More With Domestic Violence

VI. Police and Prisons

Alan Aja et al. – How Immigrants Became Criminals

Michelle Alexander – The New Jim Crow

Emily Badger – How Mass Incarceration Creates “Million Dollar Blocks” in Poor Neighborhoods

Whitney Benns – American Slavery Revisited: Prison Labor in America

Ava DuVernay – 13th

Excessive or Reasonable Force by Police?

Christopher Ingraham – You Really Can Get Pulled Over for Driving While Black, Federal Statistics Show

Kel Kray – Why the Growing Alliance Between Police and White LGBTQIA+ Folks is a Problem

Alex Landau – Almost Another Dead Black Male: Remembering a Traffic Stop That Got Ugly

Mapping Police Violence

Justin Nix et al – Bird’s Eye View of Civilians Killed by Police in 2015: Further Evidence of Implicit Bias (PDF)

Prison Abolition Syllabus

Raven Rakia – When People Are Property

Stanford Report on Oakland Police Department and Racial Profiling

Bryan Stevenson – We Need to Talk About an Injustice